Avoiding The Biggest CrossFit Errors

http://ifttt.com/images/no_image_card.png

It is always good to be in the “know” especially if you want to get into an fitness program like this,  So avoid the biggest CrossFit errors with these helpful tips for physical fitness and health.

Ways to Avoid The Biggest CrossFit Errors

There are times when you feel you need to give in to your temptation to take some shortcuts into your workout routines, just like the guy next to you that you start to notice cutting corners on some of the CrossFit routines just so he could finish his training. But you have more than enough reason to not envy him or even think about following suit.

You know better to not take shortcuts or risk yourself getting injured, especially with CrossFit training.

Kipping Without A Proper Base of Strength

Kipping pull-ups are one of the most popular routines in the CrossFit training program compared to dead hang pull ups.

“Folks who don’t have the strength to accomplish strict pull-ups or muscle-ups will often bypass the process of growing strength in the strict fashion and will learn kipping, and with that comes increased potential for injury,” says Logan Gelbrich, a CrossFit Games competitor and Level 1 trainer at CrossFit Los Angeles who also holds certifications in CrossFit Olympic Weightlifting and Coaches Prep.

Gelbrich pointed out that most notable are wear-and-tear injuries to the shoulder joint, like rotator-cuff and labrum tears.

In order to fix it, Gelbrich suggests to do at least five strict pull ups before doing kipping pull-ups or muscle-ups in order to prepare for proper base strength to pursue the routines.

Cherry- Picking WOD’s

It is important to be consistent in order to succeed at CrossFit and achieve your desired results.

“A lot of beginners to CrossFit are really focused on what the Workout of the Day is, and they realize that they’re better at some movements than others,” says Dusty Hyland, owner of DogTown CrossFit in Culver City, Calif. “So they conveniently find ways not to make it to the gym when the WOD calls for things they’re really inefficient at or lack coordination in. A great example would be jumping rope. A lot of people will skip a workout if there’re double-unders in it, especially if they’re brand new to CrossFit.

In order to establish that consistency, Hyland recommends two to three workouts for beginners that consist of a wide range of skills and movements to improve strength conditioning areas. Follow this up with increased intensity week over week and make sure there is the determination to stick to the program.

Put Your Mind Into It

Lack of engagement and determination to stay with the program is often a waterloo that leads to lack of motivation and a waning desire to push through with the training.

This isn’t a boot-camp class,” Hyland says. “We’re going to teach you how to move better, how to get stronger and how to be a more mobile human being so that you can do things outside of the gym for a long time. You need to be ready and prepared, bottom line. You can’t half-commit to this because it’ll just crush you.”

To address this, condition yourself to always put your mind into your CrossFit program. You can start by going to the gym on time instead of coming in late.

“Being on time is going to allow you to warm up, work on the things you need to work on and be ready to do the workout correctly. If you’re rushing the workout and rushing to leave, you’re going to get hurt. You need to be ready and prepared, bottom line, or you’re never going to be successful,” says Hyland.

Avoid overtraining

This training requires discipline and going beyond or short of expectations can be detrimental to your workouts.

Your training is only as good as your recovery,” Gelbrich says. “A lot of people — especially endurance athletes — get into CrossFit and see that a Workout of the Day is only eight minutes long and say, ‘That’s it? What else do I do with the rest of the hour?’ Given that there’s generally a shorter, more intense time frame, it’s hard for people to wrap their mind around the fact that training this way is enough. So overtraining happens, and people train more days per week than maybe they’re ready for, and they’re not able to recover, which kind of negates the premise of training in the first place.”

“People ask me, ‘Are two-a-days OK?’ Well, four-a-days are OK if you can recover from it,” Gelbrich says. “Very few people have a fitness level to do that, however. For some athletes, it’s perfectly appropriate to train three times a day, six days a week. If I did that, I’d be overtrained. So it really does depend on the athlete.”

Always make sure to know when you are overtraining or not. Pay attention to what your body tells you.

So pay attention to your programs and avoid the biggest crossfit errors in order to make the most of your workouts.

The post Avoiding The Biggest CrossFit Errors appeared first on NUTRITION CLUB CANADA.

from The Nutrition Club http://thenutritionclub.blogspot.com/2016/05/avoiding-biggest-crossfit-errors.html

from Blogger http://corneliussteinbeck.blogspot.com/2016/05/avoiding-biggest-crossfit-errors.html

Advertisements

Irradiation To Ground Beef May Not See Light Of Day, Yet

http://ifttt.com/images/no_image_card.png

This after Health Canada posted in their website regarding the proposed amendment that includes the irradiation of ground beef as a process to rid food products of harmful bacteria like E. Coli and salmonella, among others, before it is sold to the market.

Irradiation Of Ground Beef As A Precautionary Measure

The amendments came in the heels of a supposed legislation to require all beef manufacturers to subject meat products, especially ground beef, for irradiation as part of an ongoing campaign to prevent the spread of deadly bacteria that may contaminate food during processing.

However, what was thought to be legislated steps could now only allow and not require the meat industry to “improve the safety of their products” of irradiation to ground beef, according to Health Canada Spokeswoman Marysse Durette, who said that with these changes, irradiation to ground beef may not yet see fruition by the end of summer.

Irradiation is the process of bombarding meat with radiation energy to sterilize it from microbes and has been proven to be effective in eliminating any type of microbes that may contaminate the meat.

The US FDA on the other hand, says that irradiation is the process of applying radiation to ionize food to “improve the safety and extend the shelf life of foods by reducing or eliminating micro-organisms and insects.”

Change of Perspectives

For more than a decade, industry and civic groups in Canada has been calling for irradiation to food products to prevent the spread of harmful diseases caused by microbes that contaminate food, especially after several incidents over the years have been reported of diseases caused by food contamination.

The latest of which was back in 2012 when 18 people in British Columbia, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador were affected by an E. Coli infection linked to beef processed in a facility that led to the largest food recall in the history of Canada.

Mark Klassen, director of technical services for the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association said that initially the public has been willing to push for requiring the beef industry to subject meat products for irradiation prior to retail.

However, it may have taken a new twist as it has taken in some negative reactions from several quarters of the community based off on mostly “due to negative stakeholder reaction” to the procedure.

“I think public perception has changed,” says Klassen.

Industry observers pointed out that unless there are more compelling reasons and studies behind it to quell negative public perception on irradiation to ground beef, it may just be another campaign that could well be gathering dust in the shelves.

The post Irradiation To Ground Beef May Not See Light Of Day, Yet appeared first on NUTRITION CLUB CANADA.

from The Nutrition Club http://thenutritionclub.blogspot.com/2016/05/irradiation-to-ground-beef-may-not-see.html

from Blogger http://corneliussteinbeck.blogspot.com/2016/05/irradiation-to-ground-beef-may-not-see.html

A Clock In The Brain Is What Keeps Your Memories Ticking

http://ifttt.com/images/no_image_card.png

Scientists believe that what keeps your memories ticking is a naturally-occurring complex mental process that takes place in the brain to allow you to develop memories that helps you establish awareness of where you have been, where you currently are and where you may be headed to.

So, What Keeps Your Memories Ticking?

In a study published recently in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan claims they have unlocked the secret on how neurons that represent space stay in time with test mice in controlled laboratory experiments.

Researchers claim that the neurons in the brain require properly-timed waves of activity in order to organize memories across time. This takes place in the memory center of the brain called the hippocampus where temporal ordering of the neural codes are organized to build a mental map.

They observed that when a test mouse is navigating through an environment, the central hippocampal area called the CA1 rely on a series of rhythmic waves from neural inputs coming from nearby brain areas that produce an updated map of space. When the inputs from a hippocampal region called the CA3 were turned off by researchers, the mice seemed to get confused with their ‘mental’ map and took more time navigating through the environment.

In order to accomplish this neuron switching, study author Thomas McHugh together with study co-author Steven Middleton said that they genetically engineered the mice to express a nerve toxin in the CA3 region to shut down the junction to other areas of the brain. They were able to note that neural activity was still processing, except that they were more capable of measuring the impact of CA3 input on the space map as they successfully muted the synaptic communication.

“Without input from CA3, there was no global organization of the neural signals across the theta cycle to define where the mouse came from or where it was going,” said McHugh.

When the discovery of the mental space map in the hippocampus was recognized back in 2014, the brain’s circuitry responsible for memory processing and updating still remained a mystery, but with the recent discovery, it gives a thorough understanding of how the brain functions and how memory data is processed and updated.

With these breakthroughs that help you understand what keeps your memories ticking may well be good references for future studies that can help better understand treatment and prevention approaches to degenerative diseases of the brain, among others.    

The post A Clock In The Brain Is What Keeps Your Memories Ticking appeared first on NUTRITION CLUB CANADA.

from The Nutrition Club http://thenutritionclub.blogspot.com/2016/05/a-clock-in-brain-is-what-keeps-your.html

from Blogger http://corneliussteinbeck.blogspot.com/2016/05/a-clock-in-brain-is-what-keeps-your.html

Computer Vision Syndrome Affects Millions Worldwide

http://ifttt.com/images/no_image_card.png

In a world of updated technology and enhanced productivity models, it is not a mystery how computer vision syndrome affects millions worldwide and can become a very
alarming condition
that could be detrimental to eye health.

Computer vision syndrome affects millions worldwide due to technology and work demands.

All over the world, no less than 70 million people in the workforce are at risk of developing computer vision syndrome (CVS) and the numbers are expected to increase over time.

In a report published recently in Medical Practice and Reviews by eye care specialists from Botswana and Nigeria, the authors claimed that there is a imminent risk of working professionals developing CVS like bankers, architects, journalists, accountants, educators, academicians, graphic artists and even students – not limited to those who could not work without a computer to carry on with their regular tasks.

But that’s just the tip of the iceberg, authors say, because it cannot be discounted that the same risks could develop among average individuals including children and adolescents who spend hours everyday playing computer games to add millions more to the equation.

Researchers claimed that 70 to 90 percent of those who use computers extensively, either for work or play have been found to have one or more symptoms of computer vision syndrome with effects ranging from vision-related problems to neck and back problems, including complaints of neurological symptoms of chronic headaches and musculoskeletal issues like carpal tunnel syndrome and muscle numbness.

Study authors Tope Raymond Akinbinu and Y.J. Mashalla, cited four studies that reported the effects of prolonged computer use from three hours and more daily could result to eye problems, lower back pain, tension headaches and psychosocial stress.

The most reported problem related to computer activity involved blurring of vision, dryness, itching and redness that were all found to interfere with work productivity.

The primary reason why the problem is so pronounced is the fact the eyes are more strained in focusing on pixelized images displayed on a computer screen compared to printed images on hard copy. As the eyes focus on these electronic images, it voluntarily shifts focus on images that help it relax behind or around the screen areas, but with the constant need to refocus and relax, it gets to straining for the eye muscles, eventually resulting to redness or itching, leading to eye fatigue.

Another problem is the reduction in the frequency of blinking that results to dryness of the eyes as it is the blinking movement that is responsible for lubricating the eyes and ends up drying or irritating the eyes. The normal blinking rate is 17 times per minute, however, studies have shown that working on a computer reduces it by only about 12 to 15 times per minute.

The researchers advise that in order to minimize the effects or prevent symptoms is to provide adequate lighting in the work area, reduce glare or brightness on monitors, increase font sizes, proper posture when sitting down to work and taking rest breaks to  allow the eyes and body to move around or rest from work.

The post Computer Vision Syndrome Affects Millions Worldwide appeared first on NUTRITION CLUB CANADA.

from The Nutrition Club http://thenutritionclub.blogspot.com/2016/05/computer-vision-syndrome-affects.html

from Blogger http://corneliussteinbeck.blogspot.com/2016/05/computer-vision-syndrome-affects.html

So You Want to Write Your Own Program

If you’ve decided to build your own training plan from the ground up, here’s how to get started.
Many trainees do not understand how to set up a training program themselves, so they follow any plan that comes along, bouncing from one idea to the next. Or they train however their friend is training, who is just as clueless. 
 

read more

from Blogger http://corneliussteinbeck.blogspot.com/2016/05/so-you-want-to-write-your-own-program.html

How Your Genes Affect Your Jean Size

Note: This article is about the influence of genetics on the structure and shape of your body. It goes without saying (but we’ll say it anyway) that clothing sizes, which are typically determined by the designers or manufacturers, are outrageously arbitrary. You could (and probably do) wear a wide range of sizes, and these sizes have nothing to do with your worth and value as a person.

This article is co-authored by Molly Galbraith and Dr. Krista Rompolski, PhD, CPT. Krista is an Assistant Professor at Drexel University, where she teaches Pathophysiology, Anatomy and Physiology, and courses in clinical research.

 

“I am just big-boned. Everyone in my family is big-boned.”

“My mom is overweight. My dad is overweight. I’ll never be anything but overweight.”

“My sister is tall and lean like my dad, and I am short and stocky like my mom. I will never be lean like my sister.”

At one point or another, you’ve probably heard your friends or family members utter these phrases. Heck, you may have even said similar things yourself. For every average-height, average-age woman who can stay pretty lean with very little effort, no matter how much she eats or what she does for exercise, there is another woman of the same height and age, with the same eating habits and activity level, whose body composition is completely different.

What gives? Genetics. That’s what gives.

How Much Do Your Genes Affect Your Weight?

Your genetics, above all else, determine how your body responds and adapts to your food intake and your activity. Whether it’s how much lean mass you hold, how much fat mass you gain or lose, and where on your body you carry these tissues, your body has a blueprint that is, to say the least, difficult to manipulate. We get our genes from our parents, who got them from their parents, and so on. We carry a bit of each of them in our chromosomes.

FREE REPORT: Why You’re Training Hard and Not Seeing Results

Enter your email address below for instant access!

Ongoing research aims to identify specific genes, or portions of genes called alleles, which increase the risk of obesity. While it is very difficult to isolate a genetic effect from environmental factors. Twin studies and studies of families in which all children are fed the same diet have estimated that genetics account for approximately 60 to 70 percent of our Body Mass Index (BMI)1. This leaves anywhere from 30 to 40 percent of our body weight attributable to our environment, which includes the food available to us, our family and social influences, and our lifestyle choices.

AmandaGraydon-321x356 - flexingThe story doesn’t end with the genes we inherit. While in utero and during our earliest years, our genes can interact with and be influenced by the environment, altering their expression. This is a field known as epigenetics. Examples of early childhood epigenetic influences include what our mothers ate diet while pregnant with us2, whether we are delivered vaginally or via C-section, and whether or not we are breastfed, just to name a few. All of these factors can impact our weight.

A staggering example of the influence of epigenetics comes from studies in women who have had weight-loss surgery, and later had children. In one such study, after women received biliopancreatic diversion, a procedure that significantly reduces the amount of food that one can eat and absorb, they were 52 percent less likely to give birth to overweight babies3. These women may have passed a genetic predisposition to their children to be obese, but the influence of the weight-loss surgery had a greater influence on their offspring.

These relationships can go both ways. You may inherit genes that tend toward leanness, but also experience an epigenetic effect that increases your risk for obesity. For example, if your mother greatly increased her food intake while pregnant with you, you are at an increased risk of being overweight or obese even if you have “lean genes.”

While we do have some control over our body composition, genetics do make a big difference.

Every message in the media, or even among peers, is typically along the lines of “just eat less and move more,” as if it is always that simple and works for every person uniformly. People carrying excess weight are often stigmatized as being overeaters, or lazy. At the same time, we often assume that a very thin person doesn’t eat enough. Some people are simply going to have an easier time than others managing their body weight.

What About Your Body Type?

Although weight gets a lot of attention, body shape is heavily influenced by genetics, and for many women, they struggle to achieve the particular body shape they envision, no matter how much weight they gain or lose. We implore you to take the pressure off of yourself for not having the body you expect or prefer to have. So many of us bemoan genes-jeans-jvb-ivonne-jensinkler-body-types-327x341our bodies and try desperately to change them, but we are all born with a specific genetic makeup that we cannot control. If you look at families as a whole, you’ll see patterns in body type and shape.

There are always exceptions of course, but when we go about our daily lives without putting much serious effort towards changing the way our bodies look, we tend to look a lot like our parents or other family members due to the influence of genetics. Of course, thanks to the randomness of heritability, within a family you can have sibling who is 6’5” and can devour two Thanksgiving dinners with no impact on their weight or body composition, and another one barely who is barely 5 feet tall and feels like she gains weight from simply looking at a slice of pecan pie.

Take, my (Molly’s) personal story, for example: I have broad shoulders and a small waist. I also have large breasts, wide hips, and a tendency to carry excess body fat. I have more of an hourglass shape, so while my belly can be lean enough to show abdominal definition, my thighs still tend to be “thicker” even when my body fat levels are normal or low. Several members of my family have struggled (or currently struggle) with their weight, and I used to struggle with my weight as well. However, now that I know how to eat and exercise properly, I am able to control my level of leanness to some degree. This means that while I may struggle to get extremely lean (more on that later), I am able to alter my lifestyle enough to avoid being overweight or obese, and keep myself healthy.

genes-jeans-ggs-women-beach-walking-body-types-327x341In the medical and scientific communities, bodies are generally classified as one of three body types (also referred to as somatotypes) based on certain physiological characteristics. Those three body types are: ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph.

In general, if you are thin, have long limbs and a long neck, and low body-fat levels, you are an ectomorph. If you would describe yourself as an “athletic” build, and it’s not hard for you to add body fat or muscle mass to your frame, you are a mesomorph. The mesomorphic body type is more common among men than women. If you have a softer, less athletic build, with larger hips and thighs, and you tend to easily gain weight, you are an endomorph. The endomorphic body type is more common in women than in men.

In addition to these three main body types, there is an association between risk for lifestyle-related diseases and where people carry or store body fat6. If you tend to carry most of your weight in your hips, thighs, and buttocks, you’re at a lower health risk than those who carry fat elsewhere. In fact research suggests that storing fat in your lower body might protect you against cardiovascular disease. People who tend to carry weight in their abdominal area and upper torso are said to be at a greater risk of developing lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. If you’re somewhere in between, and your weight is a little more evenly distributed, your health risks may be somewhere in the middle.

genes-jeans-molly-melissa-cara-640x383

“Strong” and “Healthy” comes in a variety of shapes and sizes.

While reading through the descriptions above, it’s only natural to immediately try to identify under which category you fall. You might have found one that sounds exactly like you and your build. Or maybe it wasn’t so clear which one you are. Very few people are one “pure” body type. Usually, we have some characteristics from one or more categories. Hybrid body types are quite common and if you found yourself nodding along to characteristics in two of the different categories, you are likely a hybrid.

Finding your happiest and healthiest body weight is part genetics, part lifestyle, and part body embracement.

Feeling healthy and comfortable in your skin is what’s most important. You only get one body. You might as well embrace it.

What Happens When We Go Too Far?

While we can influence our physical appearance to some degree, ultimately genetics are a big determining factor in many of our physical characteristics. You can’t switch from one body type or shape to another. Your bone structure, your height, and the length of your limbs are pretty much set once you’re done growing. Lifestyle choices such as your nutrition, physical activity, sleep, and stress management can influence your metabolism, how much muscle mass you have, and how much body fat you carry, and your genes determine to what degree your lifestyle will influence those things.

When you set physique goals that go against your body’s natural tendencies, it can take an extreme amount of work and diligence to get there, and then maintain that state.

Your body may never be comfortable there and will put up resistance in an effort to revert to what feels more comfortable and natural. Taking extreme measures to make physical changes puts your body under a lot of stress. What’s more, if those extreme measures involved prolonged energy restriction, your body will fight back in an effort to stop the restriction, leading to behaviors that encourage your body to regain weight.

A great example of the physical and psychological consequences of severe restrictions was the famous Minnesota starvation study, performed by Ancel Keys during World War II. Men in this study volunteered to undergo months of severe food restriction to examine how starvation influences physical as well as psychological health. This study showed, to say the least, disturbing results. During the study, metabolic rate decreased by an average of 40 percent, and the subjects experienced everything from dizziness, weakness, anxiety, and depression, to a loss of interest in their hobbies and strange rituals and behaviors around food. Participants started doing things such as collecting recipes, obsessing about food, and mixing foods together into unusual combinations. They also felt guilty about resuming normal food intake, yet frequently binged and purged to rid themselves of discomfort. Only when their weight was restored several months later did these symptoms resolve5.

star_magazine_cover - croppedThe results of this study are scary, but even more so when you consider the number of people who spend years trying to manipulate their body weight (often through extreme calorie restriction) in an effort to achieve a certain physical ideal. We live in a time in which bodies are scrutinized on every television show, magazine, and all over social media, so it’s unsurprising that the quest for the perfect body is such a society-wide preoccupation. It seems that, for most people, all this quest is doing is creating more dissatisfaction, shame, and body-image disorders than they would have had, had they not attempted to change their bodies.

As Brown University, a leader in health promotion and healthy weight research, states, “…you would probably need to pathologically distort your relationship with food and exercise in order to do it [override your genetics]; you’d have to be willing to divert resources from a lot of other important pastimes (school, work, relationships, hobbies), and you’d have to be able to keep that up for—well, the rest of your life. This is impossible to maintain and would seriously undermine your emotional and physical health.”

(To be clear, this is referring to trying to make an extreme change that overrides your genetics, not making reasonable changes like trying to improve your health by losing a bit of body fat or gaining a bit of muscle).

Yes, it’s absolutely possible to totally transform your body. But is it really worth it? Only you can decide. Brown University’s Healthy Weight program suggests that you ask yourself these questions to evaluate your body composition:

  • Do you get feedback from your doctor that suggests that your pulse, blood pressure, and lab work results are healthy for someone of your age and gender?
  • If you have finished growing (and remember, many people will not finish growing until their early 20s), does your weight tend to stay in the same range, without a lot of significant fluctuation, and without any strenuous effort on your part?
  • Do you find that you have plenty of energy throughout the day, and that you are not more likely than your peers to catch colds and flus?
  • Are you getting 30 to 60 minutes of enjoyable physical activity on most days of the week?
  • Do you generally eat only when you are hungry and stop when you are comfortably full?
  • Do you eat a wide variety of foods (covering all the food groups or food group substitutes)? Would you say that most of your choices are high in nutrients and moderate in calories?
  • Do you include lots of high-fiber choices in your meals and snacks?
  • Do you eat a minimum of five servings a day of fruits and vegetables?
  • If you drink alcohol, do you drink it in moderation?
  • Does your body resemble the size and shape of other healthy members of your family?
  • If you are a woman, do you get your periods regularly, and is the flow pretty normal?

How do you know if your lifestyle choices are going too far? If you answer “no” to some of the Healthy Weight questions listed above, you are probably leaving the “healthy lifestyle zone” and venturing into disordered territory.

I (Molly) have learned from experience that I don’t want to go to extremes. For me, competing in figure competitions and trying to get extremely lean placed great stress on my body. In fact, the three times that I tried to achieve an extreme level of leanness when I prepped for different figure competitions, I found myself exhausted, depleted, and without a period for months at a time. I have learned to love and embrace my body, and I no longer try to force it to attain uncomfortable levels of leanness. I simply maintain a level of leanness that feels comfortable, but not extreme for me, through proper eating and consistent, intelligent exercise.

genes-jeans-molly-collage-overweight-lean-balanced-640x345

The bottom line is that you cannot control your unique genetic makeup, your body type, your bone structure, or your tendency to store fat in certain places instead of others. But you do have some control over how your genes express themselves based on your lifestyle and how well you take care of yourself. Because your lifestyle is what you can control, focusing on that—as opposed to cursing your “bad” genes—is what is most important, not to mention, more productive.

Make the Most of Your Genes

So which lifestyle factors are most important to focus on? Spoiler alert! They probably look a lot like the sane and sustainable recommendations we often make for living a healthier lifestyle: eat whole, minimally processed food most of the time, lift moderate to heavy weights two to four times a week, move your body as often possible in ways that feel enjoyable to you, manage your stress effectively, get seven to nine hours of quality sleep a night, and above all, love yourself.

Yes, on the surface these changes sound simple enough, but if you’ve ever tried to make them on your own, you know it’s harder than it sounds. Real, lasting lifestyle changes are tough to make, but it can be done. You may just need a little help, which is precisely why we created our Strongest You Coaching program.

There’s nothing worse than watching women exhaust themselves in the gym, desperate for results, only to end up spinning their wheels and not making the progress they want to make. That’s why we created our FREE Report, Why You’re Training Hard And Not Seeing Results.

In this FREE Report, we detail why you’re probably not getting the results you desire, and how you can remedy it. The good news? It’s simpler than you might think! (And it doesn’t involve working harder!)

Get it now!

References

  1. Textbook of Obesity: Clinical Management. Wiley-Blackwell 2012.
  2. Walley AJ, Asher JE, Froguel P: The genetic contribution to non- syndromic human obesity. Nat Rev Genet 2009, 10:431-42.
  3. Kral JG, Biron S, Simard S, Hould F-S, Lebel S, Marceau S, Marceau P: 
Large maternal weight loss from obesity surgery prevents transmission of obesity to children who were followed for 2 to 18 years. Pediatrics 2006, 118:e1644-9.
  4. Pasquet P, Apfelbaum M: Recovery of initial body weight and composition after long-term massive overfeeding in men. Am J Clin Nutr 1994, 60:861-3.
  5. Kalm, L.M., & Semba, R.D. (2005). They starved so that others be better fed: Remembering Ancel Keys and the Minnesota Experiment. Journal of Nutrition, 135, 1347–1352.
  6. Williams, M.J., Hunter, G.R., Kekes-Szabo, T., Snyder, S., Treuth, M.S. (1997). Regional fat distribution in women and risk of cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr, Mar;65(3):885-60

The post How Your Genes Affect Your Jean Size appeared first on Girls Gone Strong.

from Blogger http://corneliussteinbeck.blogspot.com/2016/05/how-your-genes-affect-your-jean-size.html